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Surrogate Measures of Safety

Library

Tarko, A. P. (2018) ‘Surrogate Measures of Safety’ in D. Lord, S. Washington (Eds.) ‘Transport and Sustainability, Volume 11 – Safe Mobility: Challenges, Methodology and Solutions’ (pp. 383–405). Emerald Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-78635-224-8. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2044-994120180000011019.

Johnsson, C., A. Laureshyn, T. De Ceunynck (2018) ‘In search of surrogate safety indicators for vulnerable road users, a review of surrogate safety indicators’. Transport Reviews 38 (6), pp. 765-785. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2018.1442888.

Chang, A., N. Saunier, A. Laureshyn (2017) ‘Proactive methods for road safety analysis’. SAE International. White paper.

Laureshyn, A., C. Johnsson, T. D. Ceunynck, Å. Svensson, M. de Goede, N. Saunier, P. Włodarek, A. R. A. van der Horst, S. Daniels (2016) ‘Review of current study methods for VRU safety. Appendix 6 – Scoping review: surrogate measures of safety in site-based road traffic observations’. InDeV, Horizon 2020 project. Deliverable 2.1 – part 4.

Zheng, L., K. Ismail, X. Meng (2014) ‘Traffic conflict techniques for road safety analysis: open questions and some insights’. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 41 (7), pp. 633-641. http://doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2013-0558.

Tarko, A., G. Davis, N. Saunier, T. Sayed, S. Washington (2009) ‘Surrogate measures of safety’. TRB Subcommittee on Surrogate Measures of Safety ANB20(3). White paper.

Chin, H. C., S. T. Quek (1997) ‘Measurement of traffic conflicts’. Safety Science 26 (3), pp. 169-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(97)00041-6

Hydén, C. (1996) ‘Traffic conflicts technique: state-of-the-art’ in H. H. Topp (Ed.) ‘Traffic safety work with video-processing’. Transportation Department, University Kaiserlauten.

Hauer, E. (198x) ‘Traffic conflict technique – fundamental issues’.

Hakkert, A. S. (198x) ‘Guidelines for the conduct of traffic conflict studies’. International Committee for Traffic Conflict techniques (ICTCT).

Belgian TCT

Mortelmans, J., A. Vits, L. Venstermans, M. van Essche, M. Boogaerts, E. Vergisson (1986) ‘Analyse van de verkeersveiligheid met behulp van de Bijna-Ongevallen methode’ (in Dutch) ‘Analysis of road safety by means of the near-accident method’. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Bouwkunde.

Swedish TCT

Shbeeb, L. (2000) ‘Development of a traffic conflicts technique for different environments – a comparative study of pedestrian conflicts in Sweden and Jordan’. Doctoral thesis. University of Lund, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Technology and Society, Traffic Engineering.

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Theory
Indicators

Mahmud, S. M. S., L. Ferreira, M. S. Hoque, A. Tavassoli (2017) ‘Application of proximal surrogate indicators for safety evaluation: A review of recent developments and research needs’. IATSS Research 41 (4), pp. 153-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iatssr.2017.02.001.

Schwarz, C. (2014) ‘On computing time-to-collision for automation scenarios’. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 27, Part B, pp. 283-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2014.06.015.

Laureshyn, A., Å. Svensson, C. Hydén (2010) ‘Evaluation of traffic safety, based on micro-level behavioural data: theoretical framework and first implementation’. Accident Analysis & Prevention 42, pp. 1637-1646. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.03.021.

Vogel, K. (2003) ‘A comparison of headway and time to collision as safety indicators’. Accident Analysis and Prevention 38, pp. 427-433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(02)00022-2.

Hayward, J. C. (1971) ‘Near misses as a measure of safety at urban intersections’. Master thesis. The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Civil Engineering.

National TCT

Belgian TCT
Mortelmans, J., A. Vits, L. Venstermans, M. van Essche, M. Boogaerts, E. Vergisson (1986) ‘Analyse van de verkeersveiligheid met behulp van de Bijna-Ongevallen methode’ (in Dutch) ‘Analysis of road safety by means of the near-accident method’. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Bouwkunde.

German TCT

Erke, H., H. Gstalter (1985) ‘Verkehrskonflikttechnik – Handbuch für die Durchführung und Auswertung von Erhebungen’ (in German) ‘Traffic conflict technique – manual’. Unfall- und Sicherheitsforschung Straßenverkeh. Heft 52.

DOCTOR – Dutch TCT

Kraay, J. H., A. R. A. van der Horst, S. Oppe (2013) ‘Manual conflict observation technique DOCTOR’. Foundation Road safety for all, The Netherlands.

Swedish TCT

Laureshyn, A., A. Varhelyi (2018) ‘The Swedish Traffic Conflict technique: observer’s manual’. Transport & Roads, Department of Technology & Society, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University.

Shbeeb, L. (2000) ‘Development of a traffic conflicts technique for different environments – a comparative study of pedestrian conflicts in Sweden and Jordan’. Doctoral thesis. University of Lund, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Technology and Society, Traffic Engineering.

Svensson, Å. (1998) ‘A method for analysing the traffic process in a safety perspective’. Doctoral thesis. University of Lund, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering.

Svensson, Å. (1992) ‘Vidareutveckling och validering av den svenska konflikttekniken’ (in Swedish) ‘Further development and validation of the Swedish traffic conflict technique’. Lund University, Institute of Technology, Dept. of Traffic Planning & Engineering.

Hydén, C. (1987) ‘The development of a method for traffic safety evaluation: the Swedish traffic conflict technique’. Doctoral thesis. Lund University, Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering. Bulletin 70.

Gårder, P. (1982) ‘Konfliktstudier i landsvägskorsningar’ (in Swedish) ‘Conflict stidies in rural intersections’. Institutionen för Trafikteknik, LTH, Lund. Bulletin 42.

Linderholm, L. (1981) ‘Vidareutveckling av konflikttekniken för riskbestämning i trafiken’ (in Swedish) ‘Further development of conflict technique for in traffic risk assessment’. Lund University, Dept. of Traffic Planning and Engineering, Lund, Sweden. Rapport 7025.

Hyden, C., P. Gårder (1977) ‘Konflictstudier i landsvägskorsningar: redovisning av två pilotstudier’ (in Swedish) ‘Conflict studies at rural intersections: two pilot studies’. Institutionen for trafikteknik, LTH. LUTVDG/(TVTT-7008)/1-73/(1977).

Hydén, C. (1977) ‘A traffic conflict technique for determining risk’. University of Lund, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering. LUTVDG/(TVTT-3005)/1-95/(1977) & Bulletin 15 B.

Hydén, C. (1975) ‘Relations between conflicts and traffic accidents’. University of Lund, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering. Project progress report.

Validity
Pre-ICTCT publications

Amundsen, F. H., C. Hyden (Eds.) (1977) Proceedings from the first workshop on traffic conflicts. 26-27 September 1977, Oslo, Norway.

Older, S. J., J. Shippey (Eds.) (1980) Proceedings of the second international traffic conflicts technique workshop, Paris, France, 10-12 May 1979. Transport and Road Research laboratory.

Kraay, J. H. (Ed.) (1982) Proceedings of the third international orkshop on traffic conflicts techniques. April 1982, Leidschendam, The Netherlands. SWOV, R-82-27.

Asmussen, E. (Ed.) (1984) Proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on  international calibration study of traffic conflict techniques. 25-27 May 1983, Copenhagen, Denmark. NATO ASI Series F: Computer and System Science vol. 5.

van der Horst, A. R. A. (1984) The ICTCT calibration study at Malmö: a quantitative analysis of video recordings. Institute for Perception TNO. IZF 1984-37.

Grayson, G. B. (1984) The Malmö study: a calibration of traffic conflict techniques. SWOV. R-84-12.

Kraay, J. H., R. van der Horst (1985) The Trautenfels study: a diagnosis of road safety using the Dutch conflict observation technique DOCTOR. SWOV. R-85-53.

Other

Debnath, A. K., H. C. Chin (2010) ‘Navigational Traffic Conflict Technique: A Proactive Approach to Quantitative Measurement of Collision Risks in Port Waters’. Journal of Navigation 63 (1), pp. 137-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0373463309990233.